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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

6 edition of Nitrate and guano deposits in the desert of Atacama found in the catalog.

Nitrate and guano deposits in the desert of Atacama

an account of the measures taken by the government of Chile to facilitate the development thereof.

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Published by Taylor and Francis in London .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsPissis, A.
The Physical Object
Paginationiii, 75 p. :
Number of Pages75
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14030826M
OCLC/WorldCa4708478

Concern of exhaustion was ameliorated by the discovery of a new Peruvian resource: sodium nitrate, also called Chile saltpeter. After , the use of Peruvian guano as a fertilizer was eclipsed by Chile saltpeter in the form of caliche (a sedimentary rock) extraction from the . The Atacama Desert is located between the central Andes and Pacific Ocean in southern Peru and northern Chile ().The core of the Atacama receives virtually no precipitation (Atacama receives consistent moisture in the form of coastal fog, locally known as camanchaca Cited by:

Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Chile Ministerio Del Interior books online. Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles.   New evidence from Antarctica supports the idea that nitrate deposits have been accumulated by precipitation from the atmosphere, in the absence of leaching and biological by:

THE NITRATE DEPOSITS OF CHILE R. A. F. PENROSE, JR. CONTENTS LOCATION OF THE NITRATE REGIONS. HISTORY OF THE NITRATE MINING INDUSTRY. The Desert of Atacama includes the southern part of Antofagasta and the northern part of the province of Atacama. 2 Farther south, in central Chile, the basin or valley region becomes a rich fertile. The nitrate deposits in the arid Atacama desert of northern Chile consist of saline-cemented surficial material, apparently formed in and near a playa lake that formerly covered the area. Many features of their distribution and chemical composition are unique. The author believes the principal sources of the saline constituents were the volcanic rocks of late Tertiary and Quaternary age in the.


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Nitrate and guano deposits in the desert of Atacama Download PDF EPUB FB2

Buy Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Desert of Atacama: An Account of the Measures Taken by the Government of Chile to Facilitate the Development Thereof on Amazon.

Excerpt. For some years past the rich deposits Of Nitrate of Soda, and Guano, as also the Mines of Silver and Copper which exist in the northern extremity of the Chilian territory in the desert of Atacama, have excited much interest.

Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Deser on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the DeserFormat: Paperback. Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Desert of Atacama: An Account of the Measures Taken by the by Aimé Pissis, Chile Ministerio del InteriorPages: Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Desert of Atacama; Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Desert of Atacama Monsieur Pissis, which establishes the fact of the existence of abundant natural riches in the desert of Atacama.

Book Details. PIBN: ISBN: ISBN (Hardcover) Language: English: Category. Nitrate and guano deposits in the desert of Atacama: an account of the measures taken by the government of Chile to facilitate the development thereof.

Author: Aimé Pissis ; Chile. PHINTED BY TAYLOB AND FKANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET. SRLF YRL IKTEODUCTION. For some years past the ricli deposits of Nitrate of Soda, and Guano, as also the Mines of Silver and Copper which exist in the northern extremity of the Chilian territory in the desert of Atacama, have excited much interest.

The nitrate deposits of the Atacama Desert are unique when one considers that in most surface environments nitrate is produced or consumed by biological processes and is easily washed away by rain. Nitrate deposits have puzzled geologists since Charles Darwin’s visit to the Atacama in and several hypotheses have been proposed to explain their origin.

Here, we review our current. The nitrate deposits of the Atacama Desert are unique when one considers that in most surface environments nitrate is produced or consumed by biological processes and is easily washed away by rain. Nitrate deposits have puzzled geologists since Charles Darwin's visit to the Atacama in and several hypotheses have been proposed to explain their by: 5.

Atacama Desert such as salt flats enriched in Li (Ide and Kunasz ; Risacher et al. ) and B (Risacher et al. ), large nitrate deposits (Pe. GHOSTS OF THE ATACAMA: THE ABANDONMENT OF NITRATE MINING IN THE.

Nitrate, Mining landscapes, Atacama Desert. guano deposits were exhausted and demand waned,2. history of Atacama nitrate deposits. The Atacama Desert in northern Chile is known to contain the largest nitrate deposits in the world.

The nitrates were extensively mined in the early s, and nitrate ore was exported to Europe and the U.S. as agricultural fertilizer and to make gunpowder and explosives. Just like oil reserves in the modern era,Cited by: 4. The driest, highest desert on Earth, Chile's Atacama Desert, also holds the world's richest nitrate and iodine deposits.

As such, a "white gold" rush there fueled Europe's bombs in World War I and. Pissis, A., Nitrate and guano deposits in the Desert of Atacama, London,pub­ lished by authority of the Chilean Government. Muntz, M. A., Recherches sur la formation des gisements de nitrate.

The discovery of nitrates (saltpeter or sodium nitrate) in the Atacama Desert drew the attention of Peru and a stronger nation to the South: Chile. Although the war exempted Peru from participating in the nitrate industry, guano proves to be making somewhat of a comeback. More information can be seen here.

Yet in the 19th century large deposits of sodium nitrate, or saltpeter, an important ingredient in fertilizers, were discovered in the desert. Inmost of these deposits were located in Peruvian and Bolivian territory.

Within ten years they would fall under Chilean control, leaving Bolivia without a coast and Peru without a valuable export. These processes have been observed and described for many copper deposits which occur in close proximity to the nitrate deposits of the Atacama Desert (e.g., Leybourne and Cameron, ), and have been documented as occurring during the time of nitrate and iodine deposit formation (Sillitoe and McKee,Reich et al., a, Reich et al Cited by: 3.

If you mix them with charcoal and sulfur, the result is explosive black powder. Nitrates dissolve easily, however, and almost never accumulate in nature. Back in the s, desert nitrates Author: Daniel A Gross. La edición de Nitrate and Guano Deposits in the Desert of Atacama fue coordinada por el Ministerio del Interior chileno, a cargo de José Victorino Lastarria.

Nitrate and guano deposits in the desert of Atacama:An account of the measures taken by the government of Chile to facilitate the development thereof Pissis, A Published by Hansebooks (). The Atacama Desert, Chile, one of the oldest and driest deserts on Earth, is unique because it contains the largest known nitrate deposits in the world.

The origin of these nitrate deposits has been a mystery since their discovery in the s. There are two possible sources of natural nitrate: microbiological processes and photochemical by: 4.The Atacama Desert is rich in metallic mineral resources such as copper, gold, silver and iron, as well as nonmetallic minerals including important deposits of boron, lithium, sodium nitrate, and potassium salts.

The Salar de Atacama is where bischofite is nates: 24°30′S 69°15′W / °S. The emergence of guano as a major export material was in synch with the surplus of food that was being experienced around the globe. Nations such as Britain and France had heavy investments in the region where guano deposits were located.

During the eve of the War of the Pacific, Peru was the dominant player in the guano trade.